Spoken Language, Reading, Writing, Grammar, Vocabulary, Punctuation, Spelling and Handwriting.

Purpose of Study

English has a pre-eminent place in education and in society. A high-quality education in English will teach children to write and speak fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them. Through reading in particular, children have a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Literature, especially, plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables children both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. 



The overarching aim for English is to promote high standards of literacy by equipping children with a strong command of the written and spoken word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. The curriculum for English aims to ensure that all children:

  • Read easily, fluently and with good understanding.
  • Develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information.
  • Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language.
  • Appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage.
  • Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences.
  • Use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas.
  • Are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate.


Speaking and Listening

Children will be taught to discuss their learning and to develop speaking skills. As they progress through the school, they will become more familiar with and confident in, using language in a variety of situations, for a range of audiences and purposes. They will, for example

  • Develop their understanding of a subject through discussions, learning to give their opinions and listen to other view points.
  • Speak clearly and in different ways for drama, formal presentations and debate.



This part of the curriculum is broken down into ‘word reading’ and ‘comprehension’.

In word reading children will be taught to read and understand the meaning of new words. Children will develop the fluency and stamina to read increasingly lengthy texts as they progress through the school. In each year group, they will be taught key skills to enable them to read, understand and enjoy a wide range of books. Further details about age related expectations in reading can be found in the relevant year group section.  The links below give you further information that will support your child's learning.

Guardian - Childrens books

Booktrust - Bookfinder

Paired Reading Information Leaflet



Spelling: Children are taught spelling patterns and conventions. They learn and use the words included in Appendix 1 of the National Curriculum for the appropriate year group (these lists can also be found in the Home Link Book). We also use the No Nonsense Spelling Programme to supplement and support our teaching of spelling.


Handwriting: The joined handwriting taught at our school is based on the Jarman style of handwriting. We aim to increase consistency and fluency throughout independent writing. Our handwriting charter, the letter families and joins taught can be seen in the documents below.

Handwriting Charter

Letter Families Document


Composition (structure): This includes vocabulary, grammar and punctuation. To develop their composition skills, the children will write for a range of purposes and audiences as part of their learning across the curriculum. More informationabout these opportunities can be found in the writing overview documents in the relevant year group section.

Grammar:  This is taught throughout the writing process and teachers will follow the terms and concepts of Appendix 2 (page 74) of the National Curriculum. Should you wish for a more detailed explanation, please follow the link the link below.

Primary National Curriculum